McClanahan, T. R., D’Agata, S., Graham, N. A. J., Kodia, M. A., & Maina, J. M. (2023). Multivariate environment-fish biomass model informs sustainability and lost income in Indian Ocean coral reefs. Marine Policy. 152. 105590.

McClanahan, T. R., Darling, E. S., Beger, M., Fox, H. E., Grantham, H. S., Jupiter, S. D., Logan, C. A., Mcleod, E., McManus, L. C., Oddenyo, R. M., Surya, G. S., Wenger, A. S., Zinke, J., & Maina, J. M. (2023) Diversification of refugia types needed to secure the future of coral reefs subject to climate change. The Society for Conservation Biology.

Horigue, V., Richards, R., Taju, A. Maina, J. (2023). Disentangling the influence of the economic development discourse on the management of national parks through systems thinking: Case studies from the Philippines and Mozambique. Land Use Policy125. 106499.


Asamoah, E. F., & Maina, J. M. (2022). Nature-based climate solutions require a mix of socioeconomic and governance attributes. iScience. 25(12).

Kadagi, N. I., Wambiji, N., Mann, B., Parker, D., Daly, R., Thoya, P., Rato, D. A. M., Halafo, J., Gaspare, L., Sweke, E. A., Ahmed, S., Raseta, S. B., Osore, M., Maina, J., Glaser, S., & Ahrens, R., Sumaila, U. R. (2022). Status and challenges for sustainable billfish fisheries in Western Indian Ocean. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries. 32. 1035-1061.

Halefom, T. H., Pullar, D., Pojani, D., & Asamoah, E. F. (2022). How much traffic stress can cyclists endure? Case Studies on Transport Policy10(4), 2251–2261.

Asamoah, E. F., Marco, M. D., Watson, J. E. M., Beaumont, L. J., Venter, O., & Maina, J. M. (2022). Land-use and climate risk assessment for Earth’s remaining wilderness. Current Biology, 32, 1-10.

D’Agata, S., & Maina, J. M. (2022) Climate change reduces the conservation benefits of tropical coastal ecosystems. One Earth. 5(11). 1228-1238.

Thoya, P., Kadagi, N. I., Wambiji, N., Williams, S. M., Pepperell, J., Möllmann, C., … & Maina, J. (2022). Environmental controls of billfish species in the Indian Ocean and implications for their management and conservation. Diversity and Distributions, 28(8), 1554-1567.

Fontoura, L., D’agata, S., Gamoyo, M., Barneche, D. R., Luiz, O. J., Madin, E. M., … & Maina, J. M. (2022). Protecting connectivity promotes successful biodiversity and fisheries conservation. Science375(6578), 336-340.

Adams, V. M., Asamoah, E. F., Maina, J. M., Niu, S., Panoutsou, C., Wang, Z., … & Niinemet, Ü. (2022). Priorities for biomass. One Earth5(1), 3-6.

Thoya, P., Horigue, V., Möllmann, C., Maina, J. M., & Schiele, K. S. (2022). Policy gaps in the East African Blue economy: Perspectives of small-scale fishers on port development in Kenya and Tanzania. Frontiers in Marine Science, 9, 933111


Asamoah, E. F., Beaumont, L. J., & Maina, J. M. (2021). Climate and land-use changes reduce the benefits of terrestrial protected areas. Nature Climate Change11(12), 1105-1110.

Raihan, F., Ondrasek, G., Islam, M. S., Maina, J. M., & Beaumont, L. J. (2021) Combined Impacts of Climate and Land Use Changes on Long-Term Streamflow in the Upper Halda Basin, Bangladesh. Sustainability. 13(21). 12067.

Maina, J.M. J. O. Bosire, J. G. Kairo, S. O. Bandeira, M. M. Mangora, C. Macamo, H. Ralison, and M. Gamoyo. 2021. Identifying Global and Local Drivers of Change in Mangrove Cover and the Implications for Management. Global Ecology and Biogeography

Jupiter, S. D., D’agata, S., Darling, E. S., Maina, J. M., McClanahan, T. R., Mangubhai, S., Campbell, S. J., Nand, Y., Fox, M. I., Muthiga, N. A., Abunge, C., Pardede, S. T., Tarigan, S. A., Setiawan, F., Randriamanantsoa, B., Muttaqin, E., Tewfik, A. (2021) 13th International Coral Reef Symposium Abstract Book.

Vijayan, A., Maina, J. M., Lawson, R., Chang, H. C., Beaumont, L. J., & Davies, P. J. (2021). Land use planning to support climate change adaptation in threatened plant communities. Journal of Environmental Management, 298, 113533.

Ahmadia, G.N., Cheng, S.H., Andradi-Brown, D.A., Baez, S.K., Barnes, M.D., Bennett, N.J., Campbell, S.J., Darling, E.S., Estradivari, Gill, D., Gress, E., Gurney, G.G., Horigue, V., Jakub, R., Kennedy, E.V., Mahajan, S.L., Mangubhai, S., Matsuda, S.B., Muthiga, N.A., Navarro, M.O., Santodomingo, N., Vallès, H., Veverka, L., Villagomez, A., Wenger, A.S., Wosu, A. (2021). Limited progress in improving gender and geographic representation in coral reef science. Frontiers of Marine Science, 8, 731037.

Thiault, L., Jupiter, S., Johnson, J., Cinner, J., Jarvis, R., Heron, S., Maina, J., … & Claudet, J. (2021). Harnessing the potential of vulnerability assessments for managing social-ecological systems. Ecology and Society, 26(2).

Richmond, M. D., Horigue, V., Maina, J., & Tuda, A. O. (2021). Meeting the global goals and marine biodiversity conservation targets. In Western Indian Ocean marine protected areas outlook: towards achievement of the global biodiversity framework targets (pp. 257-276). UNEP-Nairobi Convention and WIOMSA.

Thoya, P., Maina, J., Möllmann, C., & Schiele, K. S. (2021). AIS and VMS Ensemble Can Address Data Gaps on Fisheries for Marine Spatial Planning. Sustainability, 13(7), 3769.

McClanahan, T. R., Darling, E. S., Mangubhai, S., Gurney, G. G., Lestari, W. P., Fox, M., … & D’agata, S. (2021). Views of management effectiveness in tropical reef fisheries. Fish and Fisheries.

Asplund, M. E., Dahl, M., Ismail, R. O., Arias-Ortiz, A., Deyanova, D., Franco, J. N., D’agata, S., … & Gullström, M. (2021). Dynamics and fate of blue carbon in a mangrove–seagrass seascape: influence of landscape configuration and land-use change. Landscape Ecology, 36(5), 1489-1509.

Destek M.A., Sarkodie S.A., Asamoah E.F. (2021), Does biomass energy drive environmental sustainability? An SDG perspective for top five biomass consuming countries, Biomass and Bioenergy, 149, 106076.


T.R. McClanahan, J.M Maina, E.S Darling, M. MM Guillaume, N.A Muthiga, S. D’Agata, J. Leblond, R. Arthur, S.D Jupiter, S.K Wilson, S. Mangubhai, A.M Ussi, A.T Humphries, V. Patankar, G. Shedrawi, P. Julius, J. Ndagala, G. Grimsditch (2020). Large geographic variability in the resistance of corals to thermal stress. Global Ecology and Biogeography 29 (12) 2229-2247

Kithiia, J., Wanyonyi, I., Maina, J., Jefwa, T., & Gamoyo, M. (2020). The socio-economic impacts of Covid-19 restrictions: Data from the coastal city of Mombasa, Kenya. Data in Brief. 33. 106317.

McClanahan TR, Darling ES, Maina JM, Muthiga NA, D’Agata S. and others (2020) Highly variable taxa-specific coral bleaching responses to thermal stresses. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 648:135-151.

Asamoah, E.F., Kwaku, E.A. and Sarkodie, S.A., Maina, J. (2020) Effective Containment Explains the Velocity of COVID-19 Spread.

Maire E., S. D’agata, C. Aliaume, D.Mouillot, E.Darling, V. Ramahery, R. Ranaivoson, B. Randriamanantsoa, T. Tianarisoa, A. Santisy, J. Cinner (2020) Disentangling the complex roles of markets on coral reefs innorthwest Madagascar. Ecology and Society.

D’agata S., Darling E.S., Gurney G.G., TMcClanahan .R., Muthiga N.A., Rabearisoa A., Maina J.M. (2020). Multi-scale social-ecological determinants of small-scale fishers’ social adaptive capacity in East African coral reefs. Environmental Science and Policy

Cinner J.E., J. Zamborain-Mason, G.G Gurney, N.A.J Graham, M.A MacNeil, A.S Hoey, C. Mora, S. Villéger, E. Maire, T.R McClanahan, J.M Maina, J.N Kittinger, C.C Hicks, S. D’agata, C. Huchery, M.L Barnes, D.A Feary, I.D Williams, M. Kulbicki, L. Vigliola, L. Wantiez, G.J Edgar, R.D Stuart-Smith, S.A Sandin, A.L Green, M. Beger, A.M Friedlander, S.K Wilson, E. Brokovich, A. Brooks, J.J Cruz-Motta, D.J Booth, P. Chabanet, M. Tupper, S.C.A Ferse, U R. Sumaila, M.J Hardt, D. Mouillot (2020) Meeting fisheries, ecosystem function, and biodiversity goals in a human-dominated world. Science 368- 6488

Maina J.M., Gamoyo M., Adams V.M., D’agata S., Bosire J., Francis J., Waruinge D.  (2020). Aligning marine spatial conservation priorities with functional connectivity across maritime jurisdictions. Conservation Science and Practice 2 (2), e156

Fontoura, L., K.J.A. Zawada, S. D’agata, M. Álvarez‐Noriega, A.H. Baird, N. Boutros, M. Dornelas, O.J. Luiz, J.S. Madin, J.M. Maina, O. Pizarro, D. Torres‐Pulliza, R.M. Woods, and E.M.P. Madin. (2020) Climate‐driven shift in coral morphological structure predicts decline of juvenile reef fishes. Global Change Biology. 26(2), 557-567.

Thoya, P., Pérez-Jorge, S., Okemwa, G. M., Mwamlavya, H., Tuda, A., Wambiji, N., & Maina, J. (2020). Spatial patterns and environmental risks of ringlet fishing along the Kenyan coast. African Journal of Marine Science, 42(1). 23-33.

Raihan, F., Beaumont, L. J., Maina, J., Islam, A. S., & Harrison, S. P. (2020). Simulating streamflow in the Upper Halda Basin of southeastern Bangladesh using SWAT model. 65(1). 138-151.

Bode, A., Abrantes, F., Antunes, A., Benetazzo, A., Chen, C. T. A., Devred, E., Gade, M., Gràcia, E., Horstmann, J., Macías, D., Maina, J. M., Masqué, P., Meskhidze, N., & Somoza, L. MDPI Oceans: A New Publication Channel for Open Access Science Focused on the Ocean. Oceans. 1(1). 1-5.


McClanahan, T. R., Darling, E. S., Maina, J. M., Muthiga, N. A., D’agata, S., Jupiter, S. D., Arthur, R., Wilson, S. K., Mangubhai, S., Nand, Y., Ussi, A. M., Humphries, A. T., Patankar, V. J., Guillaume, M. M. M., Keith, S. A., Shedrawi, G., Julius, P., Grimsditch, G., Ndagala, J., & Leblond, J. (2019). Temperature patterns and mechanisms influencing coral bleaching during the 2016 El Niño. Nature Climate Change. 9. 845-851.

Darling, E.S., McClanahan, T.R., Maina, J. et al. Social–environmental drivers inform strategic management of coral reefs in the Anthropocene. Nat Ecol Evol 3, 1341–1350 (2019).

Brown, C. J.,  Jupiter, S. D., Albert, S., Anthony,  K. R. N., Hamilton, R. J., Fredston-Hermann,  A., Halpern,  B. S., Lin, H. Y., Maina, J.,  Mangubhai, S., Mumby,  P. J., Possingham, H. P., Saunders, M. I.,  Tulloch, V. J. D., Wenger,  A., & Klein., C. J. (2019). A guide to modelling priorities for managing land-based impacts on coastal ecosystems. Journal of Applied Ecology. 56(5). 1106-1116

Rimba, A. B., Miura, F., Maina, J., As-syakur, A. R., & Campbell, S. (2019) The Climate Change Impact on Coral in Weh Island and Aceh Island Indonesia. International Journal of Environment and Geosciences. 3(1). 44-53.

About Us

The Spatial Decisions Group is a multi-disciplinary research group based mostly in Macquarie University, Australia. We conduct applied research in collaboration with research institutions, conservation NGOs, development organisations, and governments to help develop solutions for both terrestrial and marine environmental problems in East Africa, the Philippines, and globally.


Visit the Macquarie University for post-graduate study opportunities and scholarships, WIOMSA and the UNEP Nairobi Convention for research grants and job vacancies, respectively.

Site Admin

Log in